Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation Federal Agency of Mineral Resources BRIEF HISTORY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MODERN STATE OF VSEGEI: TRADITIONS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS A.P.Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI) is a successor and custodian of traditions of the first state geological institution in Russia, the Geological Committee, which was established in Saint Petersburg on 31January 1882 by the decree of Emperor AlexanderIII for the purpose of systematic study of geological structure and compilation of the geological map of Russia, as well as for resolving of practical issues on prospectivity estimation of the countrys territory for different mineral resources. History of GeolCom-VSEGEI is in fact the history of the countrys geological survey, the history of real patriotism and public spirit of Russian geologists, their fundamental role in economic development and security protection of the country. Norilsk, Magadan, Bilibino, Neftekamsk, Solikamsk, Balkhash, Dzhezkazgan, Tyrnyauz, Slantsy, Boxitogorsk, Solnechny, Kemerovo and many other towns and villages owe their origination to mineral deposits discovered by GeolCom-VSEGEI geologists. At present, VSEGEI represents a research group, which includes 1 Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 49 Doctors and 144 Candidates of Sciences. The Institute has scientific, methodical, and laboratory analytical divisions, high-skilled and experienced experts in all developed scientific lines, postgraduate education. Great importance is paid to attraction of talented youth: postgraduate education of the Institute provides training of skilled scientists in 10 specialties. At present, 33 postgraduates and applicants are doing postgraduate studies there, including 29 full-time studying postgraduates and 4 applicants. Institute deals with major scientific and practical problems on the following investigation lines: Elaboration and improvement of scientific methodical and technological bases for the state geological mapping of the Russian Federation territory and estimation of undiscovered resources and reserves; Compilation of the state (scales 1:200000, 1:1000000) and small-scale geological maps, geological information systems and databanks, which form the basis for mineral management and assessment of raw material potential of the country; Providing federal and regional executive authorities and subsoil users with geological information resources; Forecast metallogenic studies, introduction of basin analysis methods into prospecting and exploration, development of deep structure models as a geological and geophysical basis for revealing of formation and distribution regularities of mineral deposits; Comprehensive geoecological investigations and land and water areas mapping, examination and assessment of geoecological situations, forecast of geoecological events and hazards, study of geological monuments; Organization and participation in international projects in the field of geological study of the subsurface and mineral management. Close relationship of investigations with development of the countrys raw material base remains a fundamental feature of GeolCom-VSEGEI activities. Approximately 300 employees of GeolCom-VSEGEI made scientifically grounded prognosis, discovered and for the first time described more than 600 deposits in ore districts and provinces on four continents of the Earth. VSEGEI plays an important role in the international cooperation of Rosnedra with geological surveys of foreign countries. Russian geological cartography has developed in a close connection with global geological cartography and geological science for more than a century. Thus, VSEGEI associations with geological surveys of CIS and other foreign countries are dynamically developing at present. New organizational forms of international cooperation were developed. As a result, geography of joint international investigations and a spectrum of actual problems were significantly extended; technologies and methods of dealing with them were elaborated. VSEGEI actively participates in work of the Intergovernmental Council of CIS Countries for Mineral Exploration, Management, and Protection (Intergovernmental Council), being principal executor from the Russian party in the following projects: GIS Atlas of Geological Maps of Russia, CIS Countries and Adjacent States, scale 1:2500000 (Russia, Armenia, Republic of Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kirghizia, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan); GIS Atlas of Geological Maps of the Caucasus at 1:1000000 scale (Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia); Geological Structure and Mineral Resources of the Caucasus, Crimea, and Carpathians (Russia, Georgia, Ukraine). Works within the international project Atlas of Geological Maps of Central Asia and Adjacent Countries at 1:2500000 scale (Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Korea, Mongolia) are accomplished. There results were successfully displayed in Oslo at the 33rd IGC Session (2008). Experts from VSEGEI take part in the international project Atlas of Geological Maps of Circumpolar Arctic at 1:5000000 scale (Russia, Germany, Denmark, Canada, Norway, USA, Finland, Sweden). VSEGEI Director General O.V.Petrov is a Vice-president of the Subcommission for Northern Eurasia of the Commission for the Geological Map of the World (Secretary General of the Subcommission is Head of Department S.P.Shokalsky). Head of Department T.N.Koren is a Vice-president of the International Paleontological Association. Scientific traditions based on organized by GeolCom and now developed by VSEGEI scientific schools regional geology and geological mapping (A.P.Karpinsky, F.N.Chernyshev, S.N.Nikitin, I.V.Mushketov et al.), paleontological and stratigraphic (F.B.Shmidt, A.P.Karpinsky, N.A.Sokolov, N.I.Andrusov, A.A.Borisyak et al.), metallogenic (K.I.Bogdanovich, V.A.Obruchev, N.K.Vysotsky, Yu.A.Bilibin et al.), acknowledged both in our country and abroad, serve as an insurance of effective work of the Institute. Vitality of classic scientific schools of GeolCom-VSEGEI is determined on the one hand by their reasonable conservatism based on detail analysis of factual material, on the other hand, by susceptibility to new development trends of geological knowledge.

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